A pest is "a plant or animal detrimental to humans or human concerns (as agriculture or livestock production)"; alternative meanings include organisms that cause nuisance and epidemic disease associated with high mortality (specifically: plague). How can the answer be improved? Topic: Pests of Agricultural Importance Introduction A pest is an organism with characteristics that people see as damaging or unwanted, as it harms agriculture through feeding on … These include slugs and land snail pests: Some slugs are pests in agriculture and gardens. Deroceras reticulatum is a worldwide slug pest. Local importance slug pests include: Deroceras spp., Milax spp., Tandonia sp., Limax spp., Arion spp. and some species of Veronicellidae: Veronicella sloanei. Combating pests and diseases is a necessity for farmers and, as a rule, decisions regarding control are made by the individual farmer. However, the presence of a pest or disease on one farm poses a threat to adjacent farms and sometimes even to distant localities. The spread of transboundary plant pests and diseases has increased dramatically in recent years. Globalization, trade and climate change, as well as reduced resilience in production systems due to decades of agricultural intensification, have all played a part. Importance of Pest Management Damage from pests often results in vast economic consequences. They threaten the health of our nation’s vital agricultural, natural lands, and urban areas. Studies in the Agricultural and Food Sciences: Plant Breeding for Pest and Disease Resistance presents a critical review of the development of resistant varieties of plant to pests and diseases.
Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service Agricultural Economic Report Number 599 ¡f" THE ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF INSECTS AND MITES . 2 Pest Information: Expert Estimates 2 economic effects of agricultural pests are usually based on incomplete information. The Impact of Pests and Diseases on Crop Production and the • Climate variability and change will affect agricultural production positively Challenges: Greater importance of pests and diseases in production systems Need for innovative IPM crop protection approaches Effective pathways for innovation transfer to the NARs and farmer. Pest species are listed alphabetically by common name. Information on some pest groups may be under a single link (e.g. locusts, aphids, mites). For specific insect pest control options visit the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA) website or Pest Genie . Pest Management Guidelines Agricultural Pests Information about managing pests, including University of California’s official guidelines for monitoring pests and using pesticides and nonpesticide alternatives for managing insect, mite, nematode, weed, and disease pests.